An Icelandic volcano burst into flames near the capital city on Monday, the nation’s meteorological department announced, the third time in the past two years that lava has flowed into the area. Local news footage captures an enormous cloud of smoke erupting from the earth along with a large eruption of lava on the location about 30 km (19 miles) away from Reykjavik.
In the words of an AFP reporter that the smoke is visible from the highway that connects the capital city to the airport international, with automobiles stopped, and passengers taking photos. The eruption has been taking place in a small depression to the north of Litli Hrutur (‘Little Ram’ in Icelandic) where smoke has escaped from a direction of north-westerly,” the meteorological office declared.
Three fissures exist with the lava running in every direction,” Thorvaldur Thordarson, Professor of Volcanology at Iceland’s University of Iceland, told AFP.
He also said that the fissures measure 300-200 meters in length. He added that “it is a weak and effusive eruption.
“This implies that “it’s not creating widespread dangers as a result of the explosions” however “if the eruption goes on for a long time, it may pose a risk to the infrastructure.”
Small earthquakes of thousands were observed in the region throughout the week leading up to the eruption. These signals indicated that magma beneath the ground was moving, and the possibility of eruption was near.
It was reported that the Icelandic officials advised people against traveling to the location, which is in mountainous terrain, without a road connection prior to assessing the conditions.
The magma exploded through the earth at approximately 1640 GMT only a few kilometers from two other eruptions over the last two years.
The first took place on the 19th of March 2021 in the Geldingadalur Valley and ran for 6 months. The third occurred on the 3rd of August of 2022, within the Meradalir Valley, lasting three weeks.
Before the eruption of 2021, it was inactive for eight centuries however, volcanologists think the current period of activity that is expected to increase could be a few years in the making.
The effervescent eruptions which have occurred in the zone so far have not been particularly dangerous nor have they had an effect on the travel by air.
The eruptions of 2021 and 2022 were a draw for hundreds of thousands of people hoping to see the rare chance to see an active volcano.
Thordarson stated that the eruption could be up to “a couple of days” or over half a year, similar to 2021 or possibly more.
Iceland has 33 volcanic structures that are currently active, which is one of the largest in Europe. Iceland has eruptions every five years.
It is located in the North Atlantic island straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a crack in the ocean floor that separates the Eurasian as well as North American tectonic plates.
In April 2010, around 100,000 flights were canceled which left more than 10 million people stuck, as a result of the huge volcano eruption that occurred on the Eyjafjallajokull volcano.
Other volcanoes, including Askja located in the uninhabited highlands in central Iceland Recently, have shown indications of activity.
One of the nation’s most hazardous volcanoes is Katla located near the coast of South Africa. The last time it erupted was in 1918 which was followed by an incredibly prolonged pause that suggested that it was about to reactivate.
The 1783 eruption of the Laki fissure of volcanic lava situated in the south of Iceland is deemed by some experts as the most catastrophic of Iceland’s past and caused the country’s most devastating socio-economic and environmental disaster.
About 50 to 80 percent of Iceland’s cattle were destroyed, which led to an outbreak of famine that left a quarter of Iceland’s inhabitants in famine.
The impact of the meteorological eruption was also felt over a period of time Some experts suggest that it was a factor in the triggering of the French Revolution.